Left-wing Extremist group
Maoist Communist Centre
The outfit came into existence,
in its earlier version, on October 20, 1969, as Dakshin Desh.
When the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) was formed with
the merger of several Maoist groups in 1969, one left-wing extremist
group, Dakshin Desh, did not join and decided to retain its independent
identity. In 1975, the outfit was renamed as the Maoist Communist Centre
Like other left wing extremist
groups, the purported objective of the MCC is to establish a ‘people’s
government’ through ‘people’s war’. It traces its ideology to the Chinese
Communist leader Mao Tse Tung’s dictum of organised peasant insurrection.
3. Leadership and
Amulya Sen and Kanhai Chaterjee
were the leaders of the Dakshin Desh. After the death of Kanhai
Chaterjee in 1982, factional differences surfaced within the outfit.
A new leader, Shivenji, entered into a dispute with his deputy Ramadhar
Singh, ostensibly over the issue of individual annihilation. In the
days that followed, the latter broke ranks with the MCC and joined the
CPI-ML. In the second half of the 1980s Pramod Mishra and Sanjay Dusadh
emerged as the most formidable leaders of the MCC.
The MCC consists of an
underground party unit — Krantikari Kisan Committee (KKC), the Red Defense
Corps and the Youth and Women Fronts. The General Secretary is the top
functionary of the organisation. He also heads the Central Committee,
the top decision making body of the outfit. Apart from that, there are
Zonal Committees, Sub-zonal committees, Regional committees and Village
committees. The outfit also has a military wing. It has an estimated
50 squads each consisting of some 20 cadres. The MCC has also formed
several front organisations, including the Naujawan Pratirodh Sangharsh
Manch, Krantikari Budhijivi Sangh, Krantikari Sanskritik Sangh, Krantikari
Chhatra League, Communist Yuva League, Naari Mukti Sangh and Mazdoor
4. Area of Operation
In its early years, Dakshin
Desh was active mainly in the Jangal Mahal Area of Burdwan district,
West Bengal. Sunderbans, 24 Parganas, Hooghly and Midnapore districts
of West Bengal.
At present the MCC has
a presence in Bihar, Orissa (Sundargarh, Keonjhar) and Jharkhand. In
Bihar, the MCC is primarily active in Gaya, Aurangabad, Camoor (Bhabhua),
Rohtas, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Bettiah and Sitamarhi districts. In
the newly created State of Jharkhand, the group is active in Chatra,
Daltangonj, Hazaribagh, Palamu, Giridih, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Ranchi, Garhwa,
Lohardaga, Gumla, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum and Latehar districts.
The MCC is also trying
to expand its activities in Burdwan, Nadia, and Howrah and North 24-Pargana
districts of West Bengal. In Uttar Pradesh, the MCC has been making
fervent attempts to gain a foothold in Mirzapur, Chandauli and Sonbhadra
5. External Linkages
The MCC maintains close
relationship with the Maoist
insurgents in Nepal. On July 1, 2001, Nine Naxal outfits of India,
Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka joined hands to form an umbrella organisation,
the Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organisations (CCOMPOSA)
with a purpose to unify and coordinate the activities of the Maoist
Parties and organisations in South Asia. It is believed that the MCC
along with the PWG and the Maoist insurgents in Nepal has been instrumental
in the formation of the CCOMPOSA for a greater cooperation and understanding
among the Naxalite groups of India and Nepal. Recently, the MCC, mainly
active in Central Bihar and Jharkhand, has been active in North Bihar
areas bordering Nepal. It is suspected that the MCC has moved to the
North Bihar region to get closer to the Maoists in Nepal and to facilitate
the exchange of men and material.
Also, the MCC has acquired
the technology for manufacturing and implanting landmines from the People’s
War Group (PWG),
which had picked up the techniques from the Liberation Tigers of Tamil
of Sri Lanka.
6. Major Incidents
December 9: The CPI-Maoist killed
two villagers by slitting their throats in Langalkata village, under
K. Balang Police station in Sundargarh District in Odisha. According
to sources in Rourkela Police, about 200 armed Maoists barged into
the village in the wee hours and abducted six villagers at gun point.
All the hostages were taken to a nearby school building where villagers
had reportedly a heated exchange of words. Subsequently, four villagers
were let off while two were killed. The two victims were identified
as Anup Singh and Bisra Singh, whom the Maoists suspected to be
Police informers. The Maoists and the cadres of erstwhile MCC threw
the bodies along with a few posters warning the villagers not to
support the Police.
December 22-23: The CPI-Maoist cadres
killed two villagers and set ablaze machines of a road construction
company in two separate incidents in the evening of December 22
in Bihar, Police said on December 23. In the first incident in Atari
region of Gaya District, armed Maoists, looking for a deserter,
fired indiscriminately at a house that they suspected to be his
hideout. Two villagers were killed in the firing, but they had nothing
to do with the Maoists. "As soon as we received the information,
we reached the spot with the Police force. We searched for the rebels
but they had fled," said Nand Kishore, Assistant Sub Inspector.
Elsewhere in the District, the Maoists set ablaze machines of a
construction company at Gurua, including two JCB machines, a tractor
and a motorcycle, whose owner had reportedly refused ransom. A Maoist
outfit named Shastra People’s Morcha (SPM - Armed People’s Front)
claimed responsibility, said a Police official. "This is the first
violent activity carried by SPM (Shastra People’s Morcha) in Gurua.
Outfits like MCC (Maoist Communist Centre) have carried out violent
activities here earlier but it is for the first time that we have
recorded a militant activity by SPM," said Rup Narayan Ram, Police
Officer in-charge, Gurua.
November 10-11: Nearly a dozen heavily
armed cadres of the Revolutionary Communist Centre (RCC) late in
the night of November 10 raided village Pipra under Dumaria Police
station of Gaya District of Bihar and set ablaze a road construction
machine being used in the ongoing construction of a road linking
Dumaria with the divisional headquarters. The RCC is a splinter
group of the former Maoist Communist Centre (MCC). Construction
activity consequently remained suspended on November 11 in view
of the attack. Confirming the incident, the Sherghati Sub Divisional
Police Officer Ranjan Kumar said that only partial damage has been
caused to the road construction machine.
November 17: An armed squad of the
CPI-Maoist shot dead one of their fellow cadres after calling him
out from his home at Barudih village in the Nimdih block of Seraikela-Kharsawan
District of Jharkhand. Sources said at 1.30am, about 12 Maoists
turned up at 35-year old Shivraj Singh Sardar’s house and called
him outside. Subsequently, two Maoists opened fire at him before
escaping into nearby forests. Sardar is reported to have died on
the spot. According to sources, Shivraj Singh Sardar was killed
because of a dispute over levy collection. The Seraikela-Kharsawan
District Superintendent of Police (SP), Abhishek, said the killing
was carried out by the CPI-Maoist ‘area commander’ Arup Mochi’s
squad that is active in Dalma, Patamda and Nimdih. "It is the same
squad that had killed Naxalite leader and former MCC [Maoist Communist
Centre] area commander Bhola Singh Sardar," the SP said. A case
against Mochi and others has been filed.
July 28: Suspected CPI-Maoist cadres
set ablaze the house of a farmer, Amiruddin Ansari, at Hriday Toli
village under the Kisko Police station in the Lohardaga District
of Jharkhand at around 4am (IST). Villagers, however, doused the
fire which gutted fodder kept in two rooms of the house. "No one
saw who set the house on fire. But we have reasons to suspect MCC's
hand in the incident," Amiruddin said. He said that about 15 days
ago, the Maoist Communist Centre had sent him a letter demanding
a sum of INR 2 lakh and five SIM cards. Besides, the extremists
also sought a monthly payment of INR 5000. He also received several
threat calls from a number 9504097082. The caller even inquired
about his son’s Naushad Hussain's arrival. He said that his son,
who is in Army, had recently come home on leave. Amiruddin said
that the caller had asked him to deposit the levy and the SIM cards
in the village school. The caller had also informed him about two
fellow villagers who make a monthly payment of INR 5000 to the outfit
through the school. Kisko police station in-charge Sunil Kumar Tiwari,
however, said Police is scanning the contents of the letter, adding,
"It seems that the letter has been issued either by some enemies
of Amiruddin or by the local criminals."
June 28: Two
cadres of the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC), identified as Chenari
Yadav and Kailash Yadav, were arrested from Jogia village in Gaya
District of Bihar.
February 11: Three cadres of the
former MCC, presently known as CPI-Maoist, identified as Vyas Kahar,
Naresh Paswan and Yugal Mochi, were sentenced to death while three
others, identified as Tyagi Mahto, Vijay Yadav and Madhusudan Sharma,
were acquitted by a TADA court in Gaya for the massacre of 35 persons
at Bara village in the Gaya District of Bihar. The MCC's armed cadres
brought the 35 persons of Bara village to the bank of a nearby canal,
tied their hands and slit their throats on February 12, 1992. Earlier
on 2001, a TADA court had sentenced four MCC cadres to death in
the same case.
December 7: Unidentified assailants
killed Ganouri Turi (30) at Khuddisar village under Dumri Police
station in the Giridih District of Jharkhand. Police sources said
Ganouri was earlier associated with the Maoist Communist Centre
(MCC) as an ‘area commander’ and was commanding the Western Dumri
October 29: The Sundergarh District
police arrested three left-wing extremists, believed to be connected
with the Jharkhand Badshah group. The extremists were holding a
meeting inside the house of a civilian at Jampani village under
Theteidang police station along the Orissa-Jharkhand border. Two
of their colleagues, however, managed to escape. The arrested extremists
include Bisu Bhagat and Lugei Soreng. Police sources said that the
Jharkhand Badshah is a breakaway faction of the MCC and is mainly
involved with extortion and looting. Its members were involved in
a spate of crimes like the murder of the son of businessman Basu
Jaiswal, looting of his brother’s shop, attack on a missionary and
September 2: Police arrested Bitni
alias Nirmala, a woman cadre of the MCC, in the Sonebhadra District
of Uttar Pradesh. Sonebhadra Superintendent of Police Ramkumar said,
"We received information about the movement of a Maoist group and
laid a trap. About a dozen Maoists fled but the woman wing commander
was arrested on Tuesday night." Bitni’s husband Ramvrikhsa Kol is
an ‘area commander’ of the outfit. Nirmala carried a cash reward
of INR 25000 and was wanted in connection with over 20 criminal
August 17: Orissa Police arrested
six suspected MCC cadres, including two group leaders, from Rourkela
in the Sundergarh District of Orissa. Acting on a tip off, police
arrested four suspected Maoists when they were negotiating a ransom
payment with a prominent businessman of Sundergarh District in a
temple at the civil township area of Rourkela city. Following their
interrogation, two Maoist group leaders, identified as Om Ahya alias
Raju of Singhbhum in Jharkhand and Rohit Das of Keonjhar District
in Orissa, were arrested near the railway station. The Maoists had
earlier collected a token amount of INR 100,000 from the businessman.
Four bombs, some explosives, two country-made pistols, four rounds
of ammunition, two jeeps, some cash and five mobile phones were
seized from the arrested Maoists. Police sources said that the arrested
Maoists were operating since 2003 in the Keonjhar, Badbil and Sundergarh
areas, extorting money from businessmen, contractors and stone crusher
June 23: One trader, Mohan Jaiswal,
was killed by suspected Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) cadres at
Raibaga near Biramitrapur in the Sundargarh District of Orissa.
Jaiswal was also an activist of the ruling Biju Janata Dal (BJD)
July 11: Sobha alias Budhuni Munda, women’s
wing chief of the erstwhile Maoist Communist Centre (MCC), was re-arrested
by the Jharkhand Police immediately after her release from the Rourkela
special jail along with her two associates, Panjya alias Bijaya
Tudu and Ranjan alias Rahul Munda. Earlier, the additional District
judge (fast track), acting on the orders of the Orissa High Court,
had released them. The Jharkhand police said that the three were
re-arrested for various criminal cases pending against them in different
police stations in Jharkhand.
October 16: A MCC cadre was arrested
while planting an explosive on the railway tracks near Karbandia
railway station in the Rohtas District of Bihar on the Gaya-Mughalsarai
section of East Central Railway.
October 12: Pappu Bind, a criminal
of Bihar linked to the MCC, was killed near the railway track in
the Lahartara area under the Sigra police station in Varanasi of
Uttar Pradesh. An accomplice of the killed Maoist, however, managed
June 22: CPI-Maoist kills five unidentified
cadres of its splinter outfit, Maoist Communist Centre (MCC-TC),
in a factional clash at Bhuiandih village in the Chatra District
- July 29: A group of 60 armed cadres
of the MCC kill a civilian at Kaima village in the Latehar district
- July 18: MCC cadres kill a resident
of Ambatola village in the Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand.
- July 12: MCC cadres kill Parmeswar Pathak,
a senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader, at Sarhari village in
the Sarguja district of Chhattisgarh.
- July 10: MCC cadres kill two persons
near Kharira village in the Gaya district of Bihar.
- June 30: MCC cadres kill two private
security guards of a stone crushing company at Chahawan village in
the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh.
December 31: Police arrest six suspected MCC informers during a
combing operation from the Burmu and Chanho areas in Ranchi district
December 25: Four police personnel are killed and three more sustain
injuries in an MCC ambush at Pithoria in Jharkhand's Ranchi district.
December 5: MCC Naxalites demand Rupees 7crore from the management
of the SAIL-owned Meghahatuburu mine in Jharkhand's West Singhbhum
November 23: Bihar Government orders a crackdown on all Non Governmental
Organisations (NGOs) with links to the left-wing extremists outfits-Maoist
Communist Centre (MCC) and People's War Group (PWG) in the State.
November 18: Six MCC cadres, including a 'sub-zonal commander',
are killed during an encounter with the security forces at Banaru
forests in the Chatra district of Jharkhand.
November 12: Approximately, 300 MCC Naxalites attack a police patrol
party near Rerha village in West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand.
October 14: Naxalites of the MCC kill one person and injure four
police personnel at Demotar in the Hazaribag district of Jharkhand.
October 11: MCC Naxalites kill a police officer and injure four
others with a powerful landmine near Katajhora in the Purulia district
on the West Bengal-Jharkhand border while they were on patrol.
September 12: Two Naxalites of the MCC, including an 'area commander',
are killed in an encounter at Sijang under the Palkot police station-limits,
Gumla district. Another Naxalite is killed in an encounter at Chhotka
Khantga in the same district.
September 13: Jharkhand Police arrests an 'area commander' of the
MCC near Konar dam in the Giridih district.
September 11: Two MCC Naxalites, including an 'area commander',
are killed in an encounter at Sijang under the Palkot police station-limits
in the Gumla district of Jharkhand. Another Naxalite is killed in
an encounter at Chhotka Khantga in the same district.
September 8: 11 police personnel and a civilian are killed in a
landmine blast triggered by the PWG and the MCC, in a joint operation,
in the dense forests of Kaimur range in the Rohtas district of Bihar.
September 4: MCC Naxalites kill two persons in Tundahuli village
under the Ormanjhi police station-limits in the Ranchi district
of Jharkhand. Separately, MCC Naxalites abduct and later kill two
persons in Serak village under the Chandwa police station-limits
in Latehar district.
August 24: Jharkhand Police raids a place under the Bhandari police
station-limits in Garhwa district and arrests four MCC Naxalites.
August 22: An MCC 'area commander' is killed during an encounter
near Chouki village under the Ramanujganj police station-limits
in Sarguja revenue district of Chhattisgarh. In Jharkhand, MCC Naxalites
kill two persons and critically injure one of the same family in
Kangar village under the Raidih police station-limits in Gumla district.
August 21: MCC Naxalites kill two civilians in the Veeru village
of Simdega district in Jharkhand.
August 10: Naxalites of the MCC kill four persons, including a
police personnel and a village headman, in the Jamui district of
August 6: MCC Naxalites abduct and later kill three persons on
the borders of Chandauli and Mirzapur districts in Uttar Pradesh.
July 27: While a Naxalite of the MCC is killed, the Bhojpur district
police chief has a narrow escape during an encounter near Gataria
bridge under the Piro police station limits in Bihar.
July 26: Naxalites of the MCC blow up the newly constructed building
of the Govardhanana Police Station on the Indo-Nepal border in Bihar's
West Champaran district with dynamites.
July 22: A Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel is killed
when MCC Naxalites ambush a patrol party at Baruhatu hills, Ranchi
district, on the first day of their 48-hour long Jharkhand bandh
July 16: Approximately MCC 200 Naxalites abduct three persons and
later kill two of them in Pehera village of Giridih district in
July 15: Naxalites of the MCC cause large scale damage to railway
tracks leading to derailment of at least three trains and uprooting
of signals and points as part of their Tirhut-Mithinanchal (Northern
Bihar) bandh (general shutdown).
July 9: MCC Naxalites abduct 15 engineers of the Larsen and Toubro
and Hindustan Construction from Kosama village, approximately 100
kilometres from Ranchi, capital city of Jharkhand. In Gumla district
of Jharkhand, Naxalites of the MCC kill three persons in Dari village.
July 6: Naxalites of the MCC abduct and later kill a person in
Badani area in Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand.
July 5: Naxalites of the MCC take captive the entire staff of Hehegarha
railway station in Jharkhand's Latehar district, disrupting train
services for over 10 hours on Garhwa Road-Barkakana Section of East
July 2: Three police personnel are killed and three others injured
when Naxalites of the MCC attack the Paraiya police station in Gaya
district of Bihar.
July 1: Naxalites of the MCC kill three persons at Lutidih under
the Simaria police station-limits, Chatra district in Jharkhand.
June 30: Naxalites of the MCC kill six persons in separate incidents
in Latehar and Gumla districts of Jharkhand.
June 20: A couple is lynched for alleged
involvement in the killing of a three-year-old girl after MCC’s
‘People’s Court’ (kangaroo court) awards them death penalty in Barhi
village, Latehar district of Jharkhand.
In Bihar, MCC Naxalites kill
two persons in the Roh police station limits of Nawada district.
- June 17: An MCC Naxalite is killed during
a clash with the rival CPI-ML (Liberation) near Pithiaon village,
Rohtas district of Bihar.
- June 14: MCC Naxalites blast the newly
constructed building of Tilothu police station in Rohtas district,
- June 11: MCC targets railway property
at various places on the second day of the Jharkhand bandh
- June 10: Normal life is affected in
the State of Jharkhand on the first day of the two-day bandh
called by the MCC to protest against alleged police atrocities.
- June 7: Eleven MCC Naxalites surrender
before the District Magistrate in Darbhanga, Bihar.
- June 4: Three personnel of the Central
Industrial Security Force (CISF) and the driver of the vehicle are
killed when MCC Naxalites trigger a landmine at Karo mines under the
Bermo sub-division, Bokaro district in Jharkhand.
In Chatra district, Jharkhand
Naxalites kill two persons branding them police informers.
- June 2: MCC Naxalites attack the office
of a private company engaged in executing the Sone canal project setting
ablaze dumpers, vehicles and furniture at Nawadih village in the Rohtas
district of Bihar.
- May 30: MCC Naxalites abduct six persons
in Narayanbeda village, East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand.
- May 25: Three Government Railway Police
(GRP) personnel are killed after MCC Naxalites attack Simultalla railway
station in Bihar’s Jamui district.
- May 24: MCC Naxalites ambush two tractor-trailer
loads of villagers near Banwari Champapur village in Bihar’s West
Champaran’s killing two persons and injuring three others.
- May 15: Unidentified assailants kill
two MCC Naxalites, including an ‘area commander’, in the Umarakoling
area of Gumla district in Jharkhand.
- May 12: Jharkhand police launches ‘Operation
Hilltop’ in Jhumra hills, Bokaro district, to flush out MCC from the
- May 10: Police arrest an MCC ‘area commander’
in the Patrahi village of Aurangabad district in Bihar.
- May 4: Two MCC Naxalites are arrested
in the Saranda forest near Digha, Sundergarh district, Orissa.
A ‘sub-zonal commander’
of the MCC is killed in an encounter in Goriyadih village under the
Ghaghra police station-limits in Gumla district, Jharkhand.
April 27: Seven MCC Naxalites are arrested
after an encounter in Nawadih village, Saranda forest areas, West
Singhbhum district, Jharkhand.
April 25: An MCC Naxalite, allegedly
involved in the killing of the erstwhile king of Vijaygarh near
Rampur village, Sonebhadra district, Uttar Pradesh on February 25,
2003, is arrested from Kusumha village, under Robertsganj police
station limits, in the same district.
April 16: MCC Naxalites escape into
the Saranda forests in West Singhbum district, Jharkhand, after
looting an unspecified quantity of explosives from Roxy, Kevland
police station-limits, Sundergarh district in Orissa.
Jharkhand Chief Minister Arjun
Munda offers to hold talks with the MCC.
April 15: MCC Naxalites kill eight
police personnel and injure three more by setting off a landmine
blast and also loot six Self Loading Rifles, two other rifles, a
revolver and several rounds of ammunition from them before fleeing
from the spot in the forests of Cherki valley, Nawada district in
In Orissa, Naxalites
of the MCC set ablaze a house and a truck of a forest guard in San
Ramloi village, Birsa police station limits, Sundergarh district.
March 28: Two Naxalites of the MCC and a personnel of Bihar Military
Police (BMP) are killed and as many injured when in a Naxal attack
on the Bednagarh picket of Chenari police station, Rohtas district
In Jharkhand, the MCC Naxalites kill a former colleague in Kasiyat
village, Chatra district.
March 18: Naxalites of the MCC injure three police
personnel and loot 15 rifles and 1000 bullets in an attack on a
police post in Lodipur village, Gaya district in Bihar.
5: Naxalites of the MCC kill a farmer in Laxmipur village, Palamu
district in Jharkhand.
25: Naxalites of the MCC kill the erstwhile king of Vijaygarh and
a member of his escort team in the jungles near Rampur village,
Manchi police station-limits, Sonebhadra district, Uttar Pradesh.
In a joint operation, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and
Special Task Force (STF) personnel of Bihar Police unearth the nerve
center of the MCC and arrest three MCC Naxalites and five Nepalese
Maoist insurgents in Patrakar Nagar locality, Patna, Bihar.
16: Naxalites of the MCC attack the motorcade of Janata Dal (United)
[JD-U] Jharkhand State unit chief Gautam Sagar Rana near the forests
of Marhara, Hazaribagh district.
13: Naxalites of the MCC attack several villages and loot guns and
cartridges in Jamui district, Bihar.
10: Six security force personnel and four Naxalites of the MCC are
killed near Chiro village, Latehar district during the 48-hour bandh
(general strike) called by the MCC in Jharkhand.
8: Naxalites of the MCC abduct five persons from Dumaria police
station-limits, West Singhbhum district in Jharkhand. While three
of them are killed, the Naxalites chop off a hand of each of the
remaining two before setting them free.
7: Two persons are beaten to death by Naxalites of the MCC at Pipra
village, Gaya district in Bihar.
3: Naxalites of the MCC attack the crusher unit of the Golden Quadrilateral
Highway project in Aurangabad district in Bihar.
28: A self-styled sub-zonal area commander of the MCC is arrested
in a raid at a hideout in Simaria police station area, Chatra district
26: Three Naxalites of the MCC are arrested in Burmu near Ranchi
13: Naxalites of the MCC abduct four businessmen from Hussainabad
block, Palamu district in Jharkhand.
8: In Jharkhand, a police driver is killed and five security force
personnel injured in a landmine blast set-off by the MCC, near Kasmar
village, Palamu district. In Bihar, five Naxalites of the MCC are
arrested for the January 4-killing of three persons in Tilai village,
under Sanjhauli police station-limits, in Rohtas district.
4: Naxalites of the MCC kill three members of a family in Tilai
village, under Sanjhauli police station-limits, Rohtas district
31: Suspected Naxalites of the MCC kill Democratic Youth Federation
of India (DYFI)--the youth wing of the ruling Communist Party of
India (Marxist) CPI-M--local-level leader Lakshmi Bag, in Jangipara,
Hooghly district, West Bengal.
23: In a release issued in Gaya, Bihar, the Bihar-Jharkhand-Bengal
Special Area Committee of the MCC claims responsibility for the
December 20-Saranda forest ambush and warns of similar 'operations',
if security agencies did not stop torturing innocent farmers and
labourers on the pretext of curbing extremism.
In Jharkhand, police arrest 10 suspected MCC cadres in Manoharpur
police station-limits, West Singhbhum district.
20: Naxalites of the MCC lay an ambush on a convoy of police personnel,
in Jharkahnd, killing 18 police and injuring 20 more in Saranda
forests, at Bitkilsoya, Manoharpur police station-limits, West Singhbhum
district, bordering Orissa. They also loot an unspecified number
of arms and ammunition and set ablaze 11 vehicles in the convoy.
19: Naxalites of the MCC kill a village headman in Manoharpur village,
West Singhbhum district in Jharkhand.
16: Approximately 60 Naxalites of the MCC and PWG lodged at Midnapore
Central Jail, West Bengal, begin an indefinite hunger strike to
press for their unconditional release.
13: A Naxalite of the MCC is arrested and booked under POTA in Srijan
village, West Singhbhum district, Jharkhand.
2: Naxalites of the MCC kill two persons in separate incidents in
20: Naxalites of the MCC attack the Central Coalfields Limited’s
(CCL), Piparwar office, in Jharkhand’s Chatra district, and snatch
away three guns from private security guards.
18: Jharkhand police arrest 19 Naxalites of the MCC in Ranchi.
17: Jharkhand police arrest four MCC Naxalites and recover explosives
in Gumla district.
15: The MCC and PWG issue a call to boycott the celebrations
to mark the second anniversary of the formation of Jharkhand State.
10: Naxalites of the MCC attack Harsidpur village, in Bihar’s Nawada
district, and kill two persons.
7: 37 Naxalites of the MCC surrender with weapons to Chief Minister
Babulal Marandi, in Bokaro district.
26: An estimated 550 supporters and sympathizers of the MCC are
detained in Jharkhand and West Bengal States while on their way
to participate in a convention organized by the Struggling Forum
for People’s Resistance (SFPR), a front organization of the MCC,
in Kolkata, starting on the day.
Three activists of the Struggling Forum of People's Resistance,
a front organization of the MCC, are arrested from Bandagaon, West
Singhbhum district, and been booked under the Prevention of Terrorism
Two Naxalites, including a 'sub-zonal commander' of the MCC, are
arrested in Madanpur village, Aurangabad district, Bihar.
October 9: Suspected
Naxalites of the MCC make an abortive bid to loot firearms in an
attack on a police picket in the Kashichak police station area,
Nawada district, Bihar.
October 7: Four
Naxalites of the MCC are arrested from Bokaro district, Jharkhand.
A huge quantity of arms and ammunition is recovered from their possession.
October 5: Naxalites
of the MCC kill a local leader of the ruling Bhartiya Janata Party
(BJP) in Bokaro district, Jharkhand.
Nine Naxalites of the MCC are arrested and a huge cache of arms
is seized in Prasangan village, Latehar district, Jharkhand.
A huge quantity of arms and ammunition is recovered in a village
in Muzaffarpur district in Bihar, after an encounter with Naxalites
of the MCC.
West Bengal police arrest five Naxalites of the MCC from Singhahore
village, Bankura district.
Police arrest an 'area commander' of the MCC and two of his associates
on the outskirts of Ranchi, capital of Jharkhand.
August 16: Two
persons are killed and six others injured in an attack by Naxalites
of the MCC in at bazaar in Bagha, West Champaran district, Bihar.
July 15 A suspected
Naxalite of the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) is arrested from Dakshin
Kashilya village, Birbhum district, West Bengal.
During the 24-hour bandh (general shutdown) called by MCC in Jharkhand,
Naxalites attack a goods train with heavy gunfire between Hehegada
and Chhipadohar stations, Dhanbad division, and kill a security
force personnel, besides injuring five others.
June 12: Four
Naxalites of the MCC arrested under the Prevention of Terrorism
Act (POTA). One among them reportedly played a key role in the October
31, 2001-massacre in Topchanchi, Dhanbad, in which 13 police personnel
were killed by the MCC.
July 10: Police
arrest an 'area commander' of the MCC in Omkaleshwar, Varanasi district,
July 9: Three
MCC Naxalites killed in separate encounters in Chandauli and Sonebhadra
districts, Uttar Pradesh.
July 1: 14 Naxalites
of the MCC surrender at a 'Janata Darbar' (People's Court) in Chiata
village, East Champaran district. Bihar.
May 20: Bharatiya
Jananta Party (BJP) local-level leader killed, elder brother Injured
in an MCC attack at Chanlaso village, Jharkhand.
May 7: On the
second day of the two-day economic blockade of Jharkhand, an estimated
15 police personnel and a Naxalite of the MCC are killed in a landmine
blast at Mthadih, Koderma district.
May 6: On the
first day of the two-day economic blockade called jointly by the
MCC and the People's War Group (PWG), MCC Naxalites attack a police
patrol party near Kamundi, Latehar district in Jharkhand.
April 27: Supreme
Court approves death sentence to four Naxalites of the MCC, who
killed 35 persons in Bara village, Gaya district in Bihar in 1992.
April 13: The Jharkhand police submit chargesheet
against eight MCC Naxalites, accused of killing 13 personnel of
the Jharkhand Armed Police at Topchanchi, Dhanbad district on October
April 10: One CRPF personnel and one MCC Naxalite
killed in an encounter in Vishrampur Saraiya village, Aurangabad
district in Bihar. Separately, the Special Task Force (STF) demolish
an MCC bunker and arrest two of its Naxalites in Koriari village,
April 2: A police personnel killed and four others
injured when the MCC Naxalites ambushed a vehicle of the State Bank
of India near Lara village, Hazaribagh district in Jharkhand.
March 5: A police personnel killed when the MCC
Naxalites attacked a police station in Arwal district in Bihar
February 26: 24 Naxalites of the MCC surrender
in East Champaran district of Bihar.
February 20: The MCC Naxalites killed four persons
during the 2—hour general strike called by the MCC and the PWG in
February 16: 12 Naxalites of the MCC including
their ‘zonal commander’ surrender in Darbhanga
February 15: The Divisional Forest Officer (DFO)
of the Shahabad forest division in Bihar was abducted and later
killed by the MCC Naxalites in Rohtas district.
Naxalites of the MCC attack a police party and killed 9 police personnel
at Jorighat, Chatra district in Jharkhand
January 6-7: Seven Naxalites of the MCC killed
in different encounters in Rohtas district in Bihar
December 31: Five MCC Naxalites arrested after
an encounter in the Palkot police station area, Gumla district in
December 21: Two personnel of the Central Reserve
Police Force (CRPF) killed and four others injured in a landmine
blast triggered by Naxalites of the MCC, in the forests, 3 km away
from the Chinia police post, Garhwa district in Jharkhand.
December 10: MCC holds a Jan Adalat (Kangaroo Court)
in Bhagwanpur village, Sarguja district in Chhattisgarh. They execute
three persons after four hours of ‘public trial’ on charges of misusing
the outfit for monetary gains.
December 5: Union government bans MCC under Prevention
of Terrorism Ordinance (POTO).
November 12: The MCC Naxalites kill two local-level
leaders of the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) in Latehar district in
31: The MCC killed 13 police personnel near at Topchanchi near Dhanbad
4: Four police personnel, including a Deputy Superintendent of Police
(DSP), were killed and four others seriously injured in a landmine
blast triggered by the MCC Bargarh, Garhwa district in Jharkhand.
29: Naxalites of the MCC burnt alive a police personnel in Kodarma
district in Jharkhand.
24: MCC Naxalites attacked the Giridih district police chief when
he was returning to Giridih from Hazaribagh after attending the
meeting of police chiefs of Naxal-affected districts.
23: 12 CRPF personnel were killed by a landmine blast triggered
by the MCC at Abroj forest area in the Hazaribagh district in Jharkhand.
6: Five persons including two police personnel were killed by the
MCC at Pathki Latehar distirct, Jharkhand
6: MCC Naxaltie ambushed police patrol party at Chilgo forest near
Bokaro in Jharkhand. One guard-cum-jeep driver was killed and one
police personnel seriously injured in encounter.
24: The MCC Naxalites attacked a police picket at Dhekuli, Sheohar
district in Bihar and looted six rifles and a large quantity of
ammunition. Three police personnel were also injured in the incident.
7: Approximately, 100 MCC Naxalites attack a passenger train at
Haurbera station near Jamshedpur in Jharkhand and looted arms and
ammunition. Six Government Railway Police (GRP) personnel injured
in the incident.
27: One police personnel was killed and five others seriously injured
when more than 100 MCC Naxalites attack Mali police station, Aurangabad
district in Bihar.
21: The MCC Naxalites attack a police team and loot four rifles
from them in Hembrom Bazar, Ranchi in Jharkhand. Four police personnel
injure in the attack.
14: Fourteen persons were massacred by the MCC at Belpu village,
Hazaribagh district in Jharkhand. Those killed belonged to the Gram
Suraksha Dal (Village Protection Force) which the villagers had
raised three years ago to guard against MCC attacks.
5: Eight police personnel were injured in an attack by the Naxalites
of the MCC in Ranja Gahti, Gumla district in Jharkhad.
18: The MCC looted six self-loading rifles and two carbines from
the police in Muzaffarpur district in Bihar.
12: In Jharkhand, the MCC killed the wife of the Hazaribagh Deputy
5: In the State of Jharkhand, the MCC killed the Lohardaga district
Superintendent of Police, Ajay Kumar.
12: The MCC killed 22 persons including 19 police personnel in a
landmine blast in Palamu, Jharkhand during the first phase of State
18: The MCC killed 12 persons Latu village, Palamu in Jharkhand.
18: The MCC massacred over 34 upper caste Bhumihars in Senari village,
Jehanabad in Bihar.